Capitol Hill is a neighborhood which straddles two quadrants of Washington, DC, Northeast and Southeast, along East Capitol Street. Capitol Hill is the largest historic residential neighborhood in the city and one of the largest historic districts in the United States, which belies its prominence as the home of the U.S. Capitol Building and the U.S. Congress. Capitol Hill includes homes of various styles, particularly of Federal and Victorian design, some of which date to the late 1700s, and which are the living quarters for many members of Congress, staff, lobbyists and journalists.
Both a commercial and a residential area, Capitol Hill includes shops, grocers, bars, and restaurants, particularly along Pennsylvania Avenue. Washingtonian Magazine notes Capitol Hill for not only where “senators and lobbyists rub elbows,” but also for “casual date spots, cool brunches.” The Eastern Market on 7th Street SE is a lively public market built in 1873 and restored in 2009, where vendors sell fresh meat and produce, as well as the site of a popular outdoor flea market on weekends. Barracks Row on 8th Street SE, also a historic commercial area, is home to many retailers and restaurants.
Historic Union Station provides shopping and dining, as well as a stop on the Red Line of the MetroRail system and a major hub for Amtrak, MARC and Virginia Rail Express train service to the metropolitan area and the Eastern United States. In addition, the Capitol South and Eastern Market stations on the Blue and Orange Lines of the MetroRail system are accessible by residents.
Capitol Hill is served by the parkland and green space of 59 inner-city parks, many triangles and squares designed by Pierre L’Enfant, the urban planner who designed the basic plan for Washington, DC. Stanton Park at 5th and C streets NE is a four acre park with formal walkways and a playground. Lincoln Park at East Capitol and 11th streets NE is a seven acre park and provides a setting for many events and commemorative activities. Folger Park, Marion Park and others offer walkways, trees, playgrounds and other spots for recreation.